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Size of the ICT sector (value-added)
by ICT sub-sectors

ICT sector Value Added (VA) amounted to € 470 billion in 2009. This represented a share of 4.0% of EU GDP, a share that has remained stable over the last few years. ICT Services contributed by far the largest share of ICT VA (90.8%, or € 432 billion in 2009), amounting to 3.7% of EU GPD, while ICT Manufacturing VA contributed 8.1% of ICT VA (€ 38 billion), amounting to 0.3% of GDP.

The figure below plots the share of ICT VA in GDP by ICT sub-sectors. By far the two largest ICT Services sub-sectors in the EU are Telecommunications (NACE 61), which generated a VA of € 180 billion in 2009 (1.5% of EU GDP) and Computer programming, consultancy and related activities (NACE 62), which generated a VA of € 166 billion in 2009 (1.4% of EU GDP). These two sub-sectors represented almost three quarters of the total VA generated by the ICT sector in 2009. ICT Trade activities generated VA of € 42 billion in 2009, or 0.4% of EU GDP. In 2009, the Value Added generated in ICT Trade services was more than the VA generated in ICT Manufacturing. From 2008 to 2009, Value Added generated by ICT Services decreased by € 19 billion (a 4% decrease).

The two largest ICT Manufacturing sub-sectors in the EU are Manufacturing of communication equipment (NACE 263) and Manufacturing of electronic components and boards (NACE 261). Their cumulative contribution to EU GDP was, however, only 0.2% in 2009. From 2008 to 2009, Value Added generated by ICT Manufacturing decreased by € 16 billion (30%). The largest decrease was in Manufacturing of electronic components and boards (41%).

Share of ICT VA in GDP by sub-sectors (2008-2009)

 

Source: Eurostat, elaborated by Ivie and JRC-IPTS [Download full image]

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The figure below provides a comparison of ICT Manufacturing and Services sub-sectors in terms of contributions by Member States to ICT VA in 2009. On the one hand, Germany dominated ICT Manufacturing (contributing 22% of EU ICT Manufacturing VA), followed by Italy (contributing 12%) and several other countries (Finland, France, Sweden and the UK which contributed similar shares of 7-8%). On the other hand, the ICT Services sub-sector was dominated by a group of four countries (France, Germany, Italy and the UK) that represented almost two thirds of the total EU ICT Services VA. The biggest differences in Member States’ contributions can be seen in Finland (7% in Manufacturing vs. 1% in Services), France (8% vs. 18%), Netherlands (2% vs. 6%) and the UK (7% vs. 17%). The twelve new Member States contributed more to ICT VA in ICT Manufacturing (13%) than in ICT Services (7%).

 

Comparison of ICT Manufacturing and Services:

distribution of ICT VA among biggest Member States contributors (2009)

 

Source: Eurostat, elaborated by Ivie and JRC-IPTS [Download full image]

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