ICT Sector R&D Personnel by ICT sub-sectors
ICT R&D personnel (including both researchers and R&D supporting staff) made up 4.7% of total ICT Employment in the EU. In 2009, 10% of employees in the EU ICT Manufacturing sub-sectors were R&D personnel, whereas it was only 3.7% in ICT Services. According to the Figure below, the ICT sub-sectors which employed the highest share of R&D personnel were Manufacture of communication equipment (NACE 263) and Software publishing (14.7% and 11.5%, respectively). In contrast, the ICT sub-sectors with the lowest shares of R&D personnel were ICT Trade industries, Data processing, hosting and related activities; web portals (NACE 631) and Repair of computers and communication equipment (NACE 951) – each employing less than 2%.
There were more than 280 000 R&D employees working in the EU ICT sector in 2009, only 0.02% less than in 2008. This apparent stability is, however, the result of a 13% decrease in ICT Manufacturing R&D employment (from 107 000 in 2008 to 93 000 in 2009) being partly offset by an 8% increase in ICT Services employment (from 177 000 in 2008 to 192 000 in 2009). The drop in ICT Manufacturing personnel occurred mainly in Manufacture of magnetic and optical media (NACE 268) sub-sector, while the largest increase in ICT Services personnel occurred in Software publishing (NACE 5820). Similar trends are observed in the numbers of ICT researchers.
The figure below provides a comparison between the share of ICT R&D personnel employed in the ICT Manufacturing sub-sector and the ICT Services sub-sector by Member States in 2009. On the one hand, similarly to previous indicators, Germany has the highest share: 30% of EU ICT Manufacturing R&D personnel work in Germany, followed by 18% in France and 13% in Finland. These three countries alone account for more than 60% of the total EU ICT Manufacturing R&D personnel. On the other hand, in ICT Services, only 14% of ICT R&D personnel are employed in Germany and 2% in Finland. France has the highest share (21%), closely followed by the UK (17%). A large difference in ICT R&D personnel employment figures can also be observed in Spain (3% in Manufacturing vs. 9% in Services).
Comparison of ICT Manufacturing and Services:
distribution of ICT R&D Personnel among biggest Member States contributors (2009)