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ICT Sector R&D Personnel

by Member States

 


In 2009, ICT R&D personnel (including both researchers and R&D supporting staff) made up 4.7% of total ICT Employment in the EU. This represents a slight increase from 2008 (by 0.14 percentage points).

The figure below presents shares of ICT R&D personnel in total ICT employment by Member State. During the analysed period (2008-2009), Finland led the EU Member States with a share of almost 17% in both years. At a distance of more than 5 percentage points, Denmark came next with an 11.1% share in 2009, followed by Austria (7.5%) and Portugal (7.3%). Eight other countries scored above the EU level (4.7% in 2009). The lowest ranking countries were mostly newer Member States (Latvia 1.7%, Romania 1.2%, Poland 1.1%, Bulgaria 0.7% and Slovakia 0.2%) but also several important ICT R&D players like the Netherlands (2.7%) and the United Kingdom (3.2%).

 

Share of ICT R&D personnel in total ICT employment by Member State
(based on head counts, 2008-2009)

 

Source: Eurostat, elaborated by Ivie and JRC-IPTS [Download full image]

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The figure below provides a comparison of the distribution of ICT R&D personnel between Manufacturing and Services by Member State. In countries like Finland, Sweden, Germany and Slovenia, the Manufacturing sector plays a major role in terms of ICT R&D personnel. All four of these countries had more than 50% of their ICT R&D employees (now in full-time equivalents) working in ICT Manufacturing in 2009. In Finland, this ratio was as high as almost 75%. At the EU level, however, almost two thirds of ICT R&D jobs were in Services in 2009. In fact in 2009, 23 EU countries had more ICT R&D jobs in Services than in Manufacturing, with over 90% shares in Romania, Estonia, Portugal, Cyprus and Luxembourg.

 

ICT Manufacturing/Services distribution of countries' shares (based on FTE, 2009)

 

Source: Eurostat, elaborated by Ivie and JRC-IPTS [Download full image]

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The figure below shows the distribution of ICT R&D personnel among Member States. As with other indicators, the largest EU economies took the lead in 2009. France and Germany came first with 19.6% shares each (again based on full-time equivalents), followed by the United Kingdom (13.1%) and Italy (10.1%). These four countries together employed more than 60% of ICT R&D employees in the EU in 2009. What is also remarkable is Finland’s high share (6.1%). Among the main contributors, Spain, which employed almost 7% of ICT R&D employees, must also be mentioned. Another interesting fact is that each of these countries, individually, employed more ICT R&D workers than the whole group of twelve newer Member States. In this group, the Czech Republic had the highest share (1.9%).

 

Distribution of ICT R&D personnel among Member States (based on FTE, 2009)

 

Source: Eurostat, elaborated by Ivie and JRC-IPTS [Download full image]

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