PREDICT 2012 - An Analysis of ICT R&D - EU & beyond

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Authors: Juraj Stančík and Paul Desruelle


in collaboration with the Valencian Institute of Economic Research (Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas - Ivie)


This page provides an INDEX to the PREDICT 2012 report that provides a detailed analysis of the state of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) Research and Development (R&D) activities in the European Union.
=> To access the online version please click on the below to jump to the specific report section (then use browser back button to return to this index page).

=> To download a full PDF version please click The 2012 PREDICT Report - An Analysis of ICT R&D in the EU and Beyond.

=> To download the executive summary please click here.

This is the fifth edition of a series which is published annually, and the first web-based edition. This edition is based on latest data available from official sources, such as EUROSTAT and OECD. It therefore covers years 2008 and 2009, a period marked by a deep financial and economic crisis.

This analysis was produced by the Information Society Unit of the Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (JRC-IPTS) under the Prospective Insights on R&D in ICT (PREDICT) project, a research project analysing R&D in ICT in Europe. PREDICT is being run by JRC-IPTS for the Directorate General for Communications Networks, Content and Technology (DG CONNECT) of the European Commission.

The PREDICT analysis provided here is structured as follows.

  • First an overview of the importance of the EU ICT sector and of its R&D is provided.
  • Detailed information is then provided by ICT manufacturing and services sub-sectors, by EU Member States, and by comparison with the USA. Data and analyses are provided according to the following categories:  Size of the ICT sector in terms of its share in GDP (i.e., ICT sector value added), ICT sector employment and labour productivity, ICT sector business expenditures in R&D (ICT BERD), estimates of public funding of ICT R&D at EU and Member States levels, and ICT Sector R&D personnel.
  • Finally, a comparison of main indicators is provided, by sub-sectors, by Member States, and with the USA.


Methodological note

Data and analyses provided here are based on data from national accounts. For the first time this year, PREDICT analyses follow the NACE Rev 2 definition of the ICT sector [OECD Information Economy – Sector definitions based on the International Standard Industry Classification (ISIC 4), Annex 1, p.15]. After the adoption in 2006 of this new definition of the ICT sector, all Member States must now apply it when reporting ICT sector data, starting with year 2008. More details are provided in a transitional methodology note. For most of the data, 2009 figures were the latest available in April 2012 when the data was downloaded and analysed.



The authors wish to thank and acknowledge first the support provided by Matilde Mas and her team at the Valencian Institute of Economic Research (Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas - Ivie) on data collection and analysis. They wish to also acknowledge the following experts and colleagues for their valuable input and comments: Alain Stekke and Martin Ulbrich (DG CONNECT), Reni Petkova, and Veijo Ritola (Eurostat), Andrea de Panizza (OECD), Vincenzo Spieza (ILO), and Geomina Turlea, Anna Sabadash, Marc Bogdanowicz and David Broster (JRC-IPTS). 

Finally, thorough checking and editing of the text by Patricia Farrer and web design by Alessandra Pertot are gratefully acknowledged.