Overview of the EU ICT sector and ICT R&D
Size of the EU ICT sector (Value Added)
- ICT sector Value Added (VA) in the EU amounted to € 470 billion in 2009. This represented a share of 4.0% of EU GDP, a share that has remained stable over the last few years.
- ICT Services represented by far the largest share of ICT VA (91.9% or € 432 billion in 2009), and amounted to 3.7% of EU GDP, while ICT Manufacturing VA represented 8.1% of ICT VA (€ 38 billion), amounting to 0.3% of GDP.
ICT Sector Employment and Labour Productivity
- In 2009, over 6.1 million people worked in the EU ICT sector, representing 2.7% of employment in the EU.
- ICT employment is highly concentrated in ICT Services: 5.1 million people worked in ICT Services (85%) whereas 0.9 million worked in ICT Manufacturing (15%).
- In 2009, labour productivity per person in ICT Manufacturing in the EU was € 41 170 while in ICT Services it was € 84 170.
ICT Sector Business Expenditures in R&D (ICT BERD)
- In 2009, ICT BERD was € 25 billion, 7.4% less than it was in 2008 (€ 27 billion).
- This amount was almost equally divided between Manufacturing (€ 11.3 billion) and Services (€ 13.7 billion).
- The ICT sector is one of the most R&D-intensive sectors in the EU economy. In 2009, ICT BERD made up 17% of total BERD, while ICT VA represented only 4% of GDP. In the same year, ICT R&D intensity, measured by the ratio of ICT BERD over ICT VA, was 5.3%.
Public Funding of ICT R&D (ICT GBAORD)
- Public ICT R&D funding in the EU in 2009 was estimated at € 5.3 billion which represented almost 6% of the total EU public funding of R&D.
ICT R&D Personnel
- ICT R&D personnel (including both researchers and R&D supporting staff) made up 4.7% of total ICT Employment in the EU.
- In 2009, 10% of employees in the EU ICT Manufacturing sub-sectors were R&D personnel, whereas it was only 3.7% in ICT Services.