ICT Industry Analysis


 

PREDICT 2015 REPORT

ICT sector R&D personnel

Figure 1–15a: ICT sector R&D personnel share on total ICT sector employment, and ICT sector R&D researchers share on ICT sector R&D personnel. European Union (2006-2012) Figure 1–15b: Annual growth rates of ICT sector employment, ICT sector R&D personnel and ICT sector R&D researchers. European Union (2006-2012)

Source: Eurostat, elaborated by Ivie and JRC-IPTS


R&D personnel in the ICT sector accounts for around 4.1% of total ICT sector employment (the statistics available for all the countries provides the data for personnel in full-time equivalent [FTE] terms while employment is measured in terms of headcounts). This share increased from 3.96% in 2006 to 4.45% in 2012. However, the sharpest growth was seen in 2010 which was maintained in the last two years. The share of ICT sector R&D researchers on ICT R&D personnel was 64.37% in 2012, higher than in 2011 (62.99%) (Figure 1–15).

Figure 1–16a: ICT sector R&D personnel share on total R&D personnel, and ICT sector R&D researchers share on total R&D researchers. European Union (2006-2012) Figure 1–16b: Annual growth rates of R&D personnel and researchers, ICT sector R&D personnel and ICT sector R&D researchers. European Union (2006-2012)

Source: Eurostat, elaborated by Ivie and JRC-IPTS

ICT sector R&D personnel accounted for 19.36% of total R&D personnel in 2012, while ICT R&D researchers amounted to 22.39% of total R&D researchers. Note the high rates of growth presented in 2012 of ICT R&D researchers (6.73%) and ICT R&D personnel (4.44%). Since 2009, the number of ICT sector R&D personnel has grown at an average annual rate of 4% and researchers above 5%, creating around 10,500 jobs each year.

Figure 1–17-a: Distribution of ICT sector R&D personnel shares for ICT manufacturing and ICT services. European Union (2006-2012)

Figure 1–17-b: Annual growth rates of ICT manufacturing R&D personnel and ICT services R&D personnel. European Union (2006-2012)

 
Source: Eurostat, elaborated by Ivie and JRC-IPTS.


While R&D personnel in the ICT services sectors retained its positive annual growth rates, even in the years of deep recession, the same cannot be said for ICT manufacturing sectors. In this case, the annual variation rate has always been negative from 2007 to 2010 (Figure 1–17). The annual rate of growth of ICT services R&D personnel in 2012 (5.86%) was 4.6 times higher than ICT manufacturing (1.27%).

 

Figure 1–18: ICT sector R&D personnel share of total R&D personnel and comparison with non-ICT economic activities. European Union (2006-2012)

a) Manufacturing

       b) Services

 
Note: Agriculture, forestry and fishing; Mining and quarrying; Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply; Water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation activities; and Construction are not included in either manufacturing or services industries.
Source: Eurostat, elaborated by Ivie and JRC-IPTS.


While R&D personnel share in manufacturing decreased, R&D personnel in the services sector showed an upward trend that was very pronounced in the two sectors with the highest weight: ICT total services and Professional, scientific and technical activities. Thus, as with almost all variables, the services sector has shown remarkable resilience even in the most difficult years of the economic recession (Figure 1–18).

 

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