ICT Industry Analysis



ICT sector R&D personnel - analysis by sub-sectors

Figure 2-9: ICT sector R&D personnel share of total ICT sector employment by sub-sector (based on FTE; 2011, 2012)

Eurostat, elaborated by Ivie and JRC-IPTS

In 2012, 10.27% of employees in the EU ICT manufacturing sub-sectors were R&D personnel, whereas the figure for ICT services was only 3.58%. The ICT sub-sectors with the highest share of R&D personnel were Manufacture of communication equipment and Software publishing, and the ones with the lowest were Wholesale of IC equipment, Manufacture of magnetic media, Data processing, hosting and related activities; web portals and Repair of computers and communication equipment


Figure 2-10: Comparison of ICT manufacturing and services: distribution of ICT sector R&D personnel among the biggest Member State contributors (2012)

Note: New MS are Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia. Rest of old MS comprise Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Greece, Ireland, Luxembourg and Portugal.
Source: Eurostat, elaborated by Ivie and JRC-IPTS.

Similarly to previous indicators, Germany (34.45%) has the highest share of EU ICT manufacturing R&D personnel, followed by France (18.59%) and Italy (9.96%). In ICT services, the highest share corresponds to France (18.40%), followed by the UK (16.11%) and Germany (12.07%). Finland, which employs a significant portion of EU ICT manufacturing R&D personnel (8.47%), accounts only for 2.36% of ICT services.