ICT Industry Analysis

 

PREDICT 2015 REPORT


ICT Sector employment - analysis by member states

Figure 3–4: ICT sector employment share of total employment by Member State (% of head counts; 2011, 2012)

Note: Greece, Luxembourg, Croatia and especially Malta lack official data, therefore we recommend taking the results with caution.
Source: Eurostat, elaborated by Ivie and JRC-IPTS

As with ICT VA in GDP, the leading country is Ireland. Only Finland and Hungary exceeded a 4% share in 2012 (Figure 3-4). Between 2011 and 2012, the EU ICT sector gained around 59.4 thousand workers. The largest increases were in the United Kingdom, Germany, France, Romania and Poland. In general, 15 out of 28 European countries generated employment in EU ICT sector.

 

 

Figure 3-5: There is considerable variation between Member States in the distribution of labour between the two ICT sub-sectors (manufacturing and services). A large number of newer EU Member States have become important ICT manufacturing countries, and have relatively high employment in ICT manufacturing

 
Source: Eurostat, elaborated by Ivie and JRC-IPTS

There is considerable variation between Member States in the distribution of labour between the two ICT sub-sectors (manufacturing and services). A large number of newer EU Member States have become important ICT manufacturing countries, and have relatively high employment in ICT manufacturing.

 

Figure 3-6: Distribution of ICT sector employment among Member States (head counts, 2012)

Note: Newer MS are Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia.
Source: Eurostat, elaborated by Ivie and JRC-IPTS

EU ICT sector employment was concentrated in the five largest EU economies: Germany (17.81%), the UK (17.03%), France (12.63%), Italy (10.68%) and Spain (6.67%) represented 64.82% of EU ICT sector employment in 2012. Other EU countries with fairly high shares of ICT sector employment relative to their economic size were Poland (5.24%) and the Netherlands (4.48%). Newer Member States contributed 17.13% to ICT sector employment.

 

ICT sector labour productivity

Figure 3-7: ICT sector labour productivity by Member State (thousands of EUR PPS [Purchase Power Standard] per person, 2012)

Note:Data not calculated for Finland for ICT manufacturing in 2012.
Source: Eurostat, elaborated by Ivie and JRC-IPTS

Ireland had the highest level, followed by Luxembourg, Greece (Greece, Luxembourg, Croatia and especially Malta lack official data, therefore we recommend taking the results with caution) and Belgium, while all the newer MS (except Malta, Cyprus and to a lesser extent Croatia, Slovakia, Romania and the Czech Republic) had the lowest levels (Figure 3-7). ICT services had a higher labour productivity than the total in almost all countries (23 out of 28).

 

 

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