ICT Industry Analysis


 

PREDICT 2015 REPORT

ICT Sector employment - comparison with non-EU countries

Figure 4–5. ICT sector employment share of total employment for the European Union and other economies (2011, 2012)

Note:2011 data were not available for India.
Source: See methodology, elaborated by Ivie and JRC-IPTS.

Taiwan, Korea, and Japan are the countries with the highest shares of ICT in terms of employment. However, these three countries decreased this share in 2012 compared to 2011. The EU had a similar share to the United States and Norway .

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Figure 4–6: Distribution of ICT sector employment among the European Union and other economies (2011, 2012)

                                2011
           2012

Note:
2011 for India for both years.
Source: See methodology, elaborated by Ivie and JRC-IPTS.

The highest contribution to total ICT sector employment in the thirteen countries analysed in 2012 corresponded to China (39.12%), followed at a large distance by the EU (14.68%), India (13.82%), the US (9.82%) and Japan (5.96%). The sum of these five shares amounts to 83.46% of ICT sector employment .

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Figure 4–7: Distribution of ICT sector employment by manufacturing and services sub-sectors for the European Union and other economies (2012)


Note:
2011 for India.
Source: See methodology, elaborated by Ivie and JRC-IPTS.

As in terms of VA, three ICT sub-sectors show the highest share in total ICT sector employment: Manufacture of electronic components and boards (especially relevant for Asian countries), Telecommunications (especially high in Russia, China, India and Canada) and Computer and related activities (Norway, Brazil and Australia). The main difference between the EU and the US is the relatively high US share of the Manufacture of electronic components and boards and Telecommunications sub-sectors and the low share of Computer and related activities .

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Figure 4–8: Share of ICT sector employment in total employment and comparison with non-ICT economic activities. European Union and other economies (2012)


Note: 2011 for India. Non-ICT service industries include total Trade.
Source: See methodology, elaborated by Ivie and JRC-IPTS.

Generally speaking, in developed countries the contribution of non-ICT service industries VA to total GDP is lower than the contribution to total employment. The most notable fact when comparing the EU with the US is the higher share of non-ICT services industries and the lower share of non-ICT manufacturing industries in the US.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ICT sector labour productivity

Figure 4–9. ICT sector labour productivity for the European Union and other economies (thousand EUR PPS per person; 2011, 2012)

a) ICT total

b) ICT services

 

c) ICT services


Note:
2010 data were not available for Canada, India and China.
Source: See methodology, elaborated by Ivie and JRC-IPTS.

The United States leads in total ICT sector labour productivity, ICT manufacturing and ICT services. Norway lies in second position –due to its more productive ICT service sector – followed by Australia. Brazil, China, India and Russia can be found at the opposite side of the spectrum; while the three large ICT countries –Taiwan, Korea and Japan– have lower ICT sector labour productivity levels than the EU average.