ICT Industry Analysis



ICT sector employment

Figure 2–3: ICT sector employment share of total employment by sub-sector (based on head counts; 2011, 2012)

Source: Eurostat, elaborated by Ivie and JRC-IPTS.

As in the case for VA, ICT sector employment in the EU is concentrated in just two service sectors, Computer programming, consultancy and related activities and Telecommunications, representing 64.63% of total ICT sector employment. Wholesale of IC equipment is the only ICT services sub-sector that showed a negative growth last year (Figure 2-3).





















Figure 2–4: Comparison of ICT manufacturing and services: distribution of ICT sector employment among the biggest Member State contributors (2012)

Note: New MS are Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia. Rest of old MS comprise Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Greece, Ireland, Luxembourg and Portugal.
Source: Eurostat, elaborated by Ivie and JRC-IPTS.

The new MS employed 30.75% of all employees from the EU ICT manufacturing sector, significantly above the 22.18% employed by Germany. In services, however, the contribution of the new MS was only half that value (15.21%). In terms of single-country contributions, Germany dominated ICT manufacturing and the UK concentrated ICT services employment (Figure 2-4).


ICT sector labour productivity

Figure 2–5: ICT sector labour productivity by sub-sector (thousand constant [base year 2005] EUR per person; 2011, 2012)

Source: Eurostat, elaborated by Ivie and JRC-IPTS.

Between 2011 and 2012, ICT sector labour productivity in the EU decreased by -1.38% in real terms. This decrease was more intense in ICT manufacturing than in ICT services. The biggest rise was recorded in Wholesale of IC equipment and Manufacture of magnetic media, while the biggest drop was in Manufacture of communication equipment. The highest labour productivity is shown by Telecommunications, but it dropped in the last year (Figure 2-5).