ICT Industry Analysis


 

PREDICT 2014 REPORT

ICT sector employment and labor productivity - PROD

 

Figure 1–4-a: ICT sector employment share of total employment. European Union (2006-2011)   Figure 1–4-b: ICT sector employment and total employment annual growth rates. European Union (2006-2011)

 

 

Source: Eurostat, elaborated by Ivie and JRC-IPTS

The ICT sector share of total EU employment (2.7%) is lower than that of VA and has remained fairly stable. However, ICT sector employment is more volatile than the total. In 2011, after two years of contraction, ICT sector employment grows at a rate of 2.59%

 
Figure 1–5-a: Distribution of employment shares for ICT manufacturing and ICT services. European Union (2006-2011)   Figure 1–5-b: Annual growth rates of ICT manufacturing and ICT services employment. European Union (2006-2011)

 

Source: Eurostat, elaborated by Ivie and JRC-IPTS

Employment on EU ICT service sectors gained weight along the period and did not suffer the adverse effect of the economic crisis to the same extent as ICT manufacturing employment.

 

Figure 1–6: ICT sector employment share on total employment and comparison with non-ICT economic activities. European Union (2006-2011)

a) Manufacturing
 
b) Services

 

Note: Agriculture, forestry and fishing; mining and quarrying; electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply; water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation activities; and construction are not included in either manufacturing or services industries.
Source: Eurostat, elaborated by Ivie and JRC-IPTS.  

Employment in ICT manufacturing sectors represents around 0.4% of total employment, while in the ICT services sectors this figure stands at around 2.3%. Of the sectors with close relation with ICT/R&D, Wholesale and retail trade, repair or motor vehicles and motorcycles (14.56%) and Human health and social work activities (9.88%) present the highest shares.

 

ICT Sector labour productivity

Figure 1–7-a: ICT labour productivity. European Union (thousand constant [base year 2005] EUR per person, 2006-2011)   Figure 1–7-b: ICT labour productivity and total productivity annual real growth rates. European Union (2006-2011)

 

Source: Eurostat, elaborated by Ivie and JRC-IPTS

Labour productivity in the ICT sector was in 2011, 46.64% higher than the total. It experienced a more severe contraction than the total in the onset of the crisis, but both variables had recovered in 2010. However, in 2011 these rates have dropped again, especially for ICT sector labour productivity.

 

Figure 1–8-a: ICT labour productivity. Manufacturing and services. European Union (thousand constant [base year 2005] EUR per person; 2006-2011)   Figure 1–8-b: ICT labour productivity annual real growth rates. Manufacturing and services. European Union (2006-2011)

 


Source: Eurostat, elaborated by Ivie and JRC-IPTS

Labour productivity is higher in the ICT services sector than in ICT sector manufacturing and presented a less cyclical pattern.

 

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