ICT Industry Analysis

 

PREDICT 2014 REPORT


ICT Sector employment - analysis by member states

Figure 3–4: ICT sector employment share of total employment by Member State (% of head counts; 2010, 2011)

Note: Greece, Luxembourg, Croatia and especially Malta lack official data, therefore we recommend taking the results with caution.
Source: Eurostat, elaborated by Ivie and JRC-IPTS

As with ICT sector VA in GDP, the leading country is Ireland. Only Finland and Hungary exceeded a 4% share in 2011. At the other end of the scale, seven countries –Poland, Lithuania, Cyprus, Croatia, Portugal, Romania and Greece– had shares below 2% in 2011

 

Figure 3-5: Distribution of employment shares between ICT manufacturing and ICT services by Member State (% of head counts, 2011)

 
Source: Eurostat, elaborated by Ivie and JRC-IPTS

There is considerable variation between Member States in the distribution of labour between the two ICT sub-sectors (manufacturing and services). A large number of newer EU Member States have become important ICT manufacturing countries, and have relatively high employment in ICT manufacturing.

 

Figure 3-6: Distribution of ICT sector employment among Member States (head counts, 2011)

Note: Newer MS are Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia
Source: Eurostat, elaborated by Ivie and JRC-IPTS

EU ICT sector employment was concentrated in the five largest EU economies: Germany, the UK, France, Italy and Spain (64.66% of EU ICT sector employment).  Other EU countries with fairly high shares of ICT sector employment relative to their economic size are Poland and the Netherlands. Newer Member States contributed 17.05% to ICT sector employment.

 

ICT sector labour productivity

Figure 3-7: ICT sector labour productivity by Member State (thousands of EUR PPS [Purchase Power Standard] per person, 2011)

Note: Greece, Luxembourg, Croatia and especially Malta lack official data, therefore we recommend taking the results with caution.
Source: Eurostat, elaborated by Ivie and JRC-IPTS

Ireland had the highest level of ICT sector labour productivity, followed by Luxembourg, Greece and Belgium while all the newer MS (except Malta, Cyprus and Slovakia) had the lowest levels. ICT services had a higher labour productivity than the total in almost all countries (25 out of 28).

 

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