ICT Industry Analysis



ICT sector employment

Figure 2–3: ICT sector employment share of total employment by sub-sector (based on head counts; 2010, 2011)

Source: Eurostat, elaborated by Ivie and JRC-IPTS.

As in the case for VA, ICT sector employment in the EU is concentrated in just two service sectors, Computer programming, consultancy and related activities and Telecommunications, representing 63.85% of total ICT sector employment.




















Figure 2–4: Comparison of ICT manufacturing and services: distribution of ICT sector employment among the biggest Member State contributors (2011)

Note: New MS are Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia. Rest of old MS comprise Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Greece, Ireland, Luxembourg and Portugal.
Source: Eurostat, elaborated by Ivie and JRC-IPTS.

The new MS employed 31.68% of all employees from the EU ICT manufacturing sector, significantly above the 21.28% employed by Germany. In services, however, their contribution was only half that value (14.80%). In terms of single-country contributions, Germany dominated both ICT manufacturing and services.


ICT sector labour productivity

Figure 2–5: ICT sector labour productivity by sub-sector (thousand constant [base year 2005] EUR per person; 2010, 2011)

Source: Eurostat, elaborated by Ivie and JRC-IPTS.

Between 2010 and 2011, ICT sector labour productivity in the EU decreased by -1.46% in real terms. This decrease was more intense in ICT manufacturing than in services. The highest rise was in Manufacture of magnetic and optical media, while the largest drop was in Manufacture of consumer electronics. The highest labour productivity is shown by Telecommunications