ICT Industry Analysis



ICT sector value added - analysis by member states

Figure 3-1: ICT VA share of GDP by Member State (2010, 2011)

Source: Eurostat, elaborated by Ivie and JRC-IPTS

The share of ICT sector ranged from 10.07% of total VA for Ireland down to 2.97% for Poland and 2.85% for Lithuania. It is notable that while seven of the thirteen most recent EU Member States (MS) have ratios of ICT VA to GDP above the EU level, probably due to the relocation of activities towards this countries. Additionally, these ratios are below the EU average for eight of the fifteen older MS.


Figure 3-2: Distribution of VA shares for ICT manufacturing and ICT services by Member State (2011)

Note: Greece, Luxembourg, Croatia and especially Malta lack official data, therefore we recommend taking the results with caution.
Source: Eurostat, elaborated by Ivie and JRC-IPTS

Clearly, in terms of VA, the ICT sector in each EU MS is dominated by ICT services. The two most ICT manufacturing-oriented countries in the EU are Malta and Hungary. Other countries with ICT manufacturing sectors that produced relatively high percentages of ICT VA were Romania, Estonia, Slovakia, Sweden, Finland, Austria and Ireland.


Figure 3-3: Distribution of ICT VA among Member States (2011)

Note: Newer MS are Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia.
Source: Eurostat, elaborated by Ivie and JRC-IPTS

As expected, the largest EU economies –Germany, the UK, France, Italy and Spain– contributed the most to EU ICT sector VA. Together, these five countries produced 68.35% of it in 2011. Overall, the thirteen newer MS contributed 7.99% to EU ICT VA.