PREDICT Project

PREDICT 2012 REPORT: ICT R&D performance across the world –
patent-based evidence 

Global perspective on ICT patenting ICT patenting in Asia Inventive activity and ICT inventing activity by EU Member State inventors

Global perspective on ICT patenting

ICT patent applications by inventors from the UE, US, Japan, Asian and the RoW

Figure 1 presents the total number of ICT priority applications filed globally between 1990 and 2009. It provides in particular the number of ICT applications filed by inventors located in four world regions: the European Union, the USA, Japan, and Asia (i.e., the rest of Asia not including Japan), and from the rest of the world (RoW). It can be observed that:

  • Japan lost its longstanding leadership in ICT patenting, with a number of ICT patent applications that dropped below 100.000 in 2008,
  • As of 2008, with more than 100.000 ICT patent applications per year, Asia leads in terms of ICT patenting,
  • With around 20.000 ICT patent applications each in 2009, the US and EU hold the third and fourth position in this comparison,
  • Mainly due to the decrease since 2001 in the number of the ICT applications by inventors from the US, the gap between the US and EU is closing.

ICT patent applications by inventors from the EU, US, Japan, Asian and, and the rest of the world, 1990 – 2009


Source: JRC-IPTS calculations based on PATSTAT data (April 2012 release). Priority patent applications to the EPO, the 27 Member States’ National Patent Offices, the USPTO, the JPO, and 50 further Patent Offices. Inventor criterion.

 

Contribution to total and to ICT patenting activity by the EU, US, Japan, China, Korea and the RoW

Figure 2 presents the evolution of the contribution of the EU, the US, Japan, China, Korea, i.e. the two most patenting Asian countries (excluding Japan), and the ROW to ICT patenting activity. It can be observed that:

  • In 2009, the EU contributed 8% of the total number of patent applications worldwide, which was 1% less than the US (9%),
  • Today, accounting for 39% of the world's ICT inventive output, China is the main world's contributor to ICT inventive output,
  • At the same time, Japan and South Korea account for 22% and 16% of the global ICT patenting activity respectively.

 

Figure 2 : Contribution of the EU, US, Japan, China, Korea and the RoW to total ICT inventive output, 1990-2009, %

Source: JRC-IPTS calculations based on PATSTAT data (April 2012 release). Priority patent applications to the EPO, the 27 Member States’ National Patent Offices, the USPTO, the JPO, and 50 further Patent Offices. Inventor criterion.

 

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