One of the main challenges of the European Information Society is to find a widely acceptable, cost-efficient solution to the task of identification and verification of individuals. Biometric technologies are expected to play an important, if not key role in this process. Member States have started the implementation of large-scale biometric projects (passports, ID cards, driving licences etc.), however it is still at early stage and there are many challenges and open questions.
TEFIS team is involved in various activities related to biometrics base on the work done in 2004 and 2005 in order to assess the impact of biometrics on Society. Current related work is:
Study on Security and Privacy in Biometric systems
Starting date: September 2006
Objective: The objective of this study is to identify the main challenges concerning security and privacy in implementation of large-scale biometric systems in Europe and propose recommendations for European policy.
Description: Biometrics is seen as the important new tool in the effort to increase the efficiency of systems designed to check identity of European citizens and/or holders of visa or residence permit at border crossings or other points of control. However, at the same time, the implementation of these projects introduces new challenges that, if not addressed, may limit the benefits of this technology for Europe. In fact, it can be argued that if these challenges are not dealt with properly, these schemes might even introduce more significant security risks than they aim to diminish and make serious inroads to traditional principles of data protection. The challenges are getting more complex of nature, as there is yet no broad knowledge based on existing experiences with these systems.
Study on Biometric Deployment
Starting date: November 2006
Objective: The aim of this study is to find and analyse information about the actual status of large-scale deployment of biometric systems in the EU in the public sector (for applications such as e-passports, national e-ID cards) as well as large-scale commercial solutions, even if they are not as big as their public sector equivalents.
Project Leaders: Ioannis Maghiros and Pawel Rotter