Conference on

'Safeguards in a World of Ambient Intelligence'

Brussels, 21 - 22 March 2006

Organised by the SWAMI consortium and sponsored by the European Commission

Overview

The purpose of this conference was to explore policy options related to safeguards for privacy, security, trust, identity and digital divide.

While AmI enthusiasts foresee a future information society where the emphasis is on greater user friendliness, more efficient services, user empowerment and support for human interactions, we know well that the adoption rate of ambient intelligence environments will depend on how secrue it can be made, how privacy and other individual rights can be protected and how individuals can come to trust the intelligent world that surrounds them and through which they move. So policy options need to be defined and put in pace to facilitate the creation of AmI environments.

The SWAMI project aims to identify and analyse the social, economic, legal, technological and et issues related to identity, privacy and security in the forecasted but not lyet deployed Ambient Intelligence (AmI) environment. The intention is thus to identify and propose adequate policy measures that will enhance the adoption of the technologies by the citizens.

The rate of adoption of AmI by citizens will depend on how secure it can be made, how privacy and other rights of individuals can be protected, and how individuals can come to trust the intelligent world that surrounds them and through which they move. That, in a nutshell, is the aim of the conference.

Conference Programme:

DAY 1 - THREATS AND VULNERABILITIES POSED BY AmI

Chair: Ioannis Maghiros (IPTS)

09:00 - Opening Speech. Frans de Bruine, Director, DG INFSO

09:15 - SWAMI Objectives (Slides). Michael Friedewald, Fraunhofer ISI

09:35 - Overview of SWAMI findings on Threats, Vulnerabilities, and Safeguards (Slides) - David Wright, Trilateral

09:55 - Questions and answers

Keynotes

10:00 - 'Wiring in Humans - Advantages and Problems as Humans become Part of the Machine Network via Implants'- Prof. Kevin Warwick, Reading University, UK

11:30 -'Mr. Rocky Bottoms Encounters 35 Techno-fallacies: a fictional speech and critical analysis' - Prof. Gary T Marx, MIT, USA

Parallel Sessions

14:00 - SESSION 1 - PRIVACY SAFEGUARDS IN A WORLD OF AMBIENT INTELLIGENCE - CHAIR: JOHN BORKING

'Combating Criminality in a World of Ambient Intelligence' (Slides) - Gus Hosein, London School of Economics, UK

'AmI - the European Perspective on Data Protection Legislation and Privacy Policies' (Slides) - Martin Meints, Independent Centre for Privacy Protection, Kiel, Germany

15:30 - Panel Discussion:

'Privacy in Pervasinve Computing Environments - A Contradiction in Terms? - Johann Cas, Institute for Technology Assessment, Austria

'Building Privacy-aware AmI Systems' (Slides) - Marc Langheinrich, ETH, Zurich

'Privacy Incorporated Software Agents' (Slides) - Jan Huizenga, TNO, the Netherlands

' Enhancing Trust by Implementing Identity Assurance' - Maarten Botterman, RAND, the Netherlands

14:00 - SESSION 2 - SECURITY IN A WORLD OF AMBIENT INTELLIGENCE - CHAIR: DAVID S. WALL

'Security Concerns as viewed by the Wireless World Research Forum' (Slides) - Mario Hoffman, Fraunhoffer ISI, Germany

'Anonymity, Unobservability, Pseudonymity and Identity Management Requirements for an AmI World' (Slides) - Andreas Pfitzmann, Technical University Dresden, Germany

15:30 - Panel Discussion:

'Empowerment and Context Security as the Route to Growth and Security' (Slides) - Stephan Engberg, Member of the SecurIST Advisory Board, Denmark

'Security Rquirements in the Context of AmI Systems' (Slides) - Reinhard Schwarz, Fraunhoffer ISI, Germany

'Some Privacy-related Aspects of Surveillance in the UK' (Slides) - Charles Raab, University of Endinburgh, Scotland

'Security Concerns associated with Digital Territiories' (Slides) - Achilles Kameas, Hellenic Open University, Greece

14:00 - SESSION 3 - THE DIGITAL DIVIDE IN A WORLD OF AMBIENT INTELLIGENCE - CHAIR: MICHAEL RADER

'Discovery, Expression and Responsibility: Design Dimension for Ambient Intellgence' (Slides) - Jeff Burke, Hypermedia, UCLA, USA

'Policies for an Inclusive Europe' (Slides) - Lutz Kubitschke, Empirica, Germany

15:30 - Panel Discussion:

'AmI: The Promise, the Price and the Social Disruption' (Slides) - Dimitris Gritzalis, Athens University of Economics and Business, Greece

'Ambient Assisted Living - Preparing a European RTD Programme' (Slides) - Michael Huch, VDI/VDE Innovation + Technik GmbH, Germany

'Distributing Insecurity' (Slides and Text) - Rob van Kranenburg, Resonance Design, Belgium

17:30 - CLOSING REMARKS DAY 1

DAY 2: SAFEGUARDS AND POLICY OPTIONS

09:00 - Reports from the Parallel Sessions: Privacy, Security, Digital Divide (Slides) - SWAMI Partners

09:30 - SWAMI Dark Scenarios (Slides) - Ioannis Maghiros, IPTS

09:50 - SWAMI Presentation on Legal Aspects (Slides) - Paul De Hert,VUB

10:10 - Questions and Answers

PLENARY SESSION

11:00 - Use of RFID in Ambient Intellgence: Critical Issues for Policy Makers (Slides) - Jay Kishigami, NTT, Japan

11:30 - Ambient Intelligence: New Ways of Innovation for Europe - Emile Aarts, Philips, the Netherlands

12:00 - Panel Session/Discussion: Polilcy Options - P Hustinx (EDPS), Andrea Servida (DG INFSO, Unit A3), Jacques Bus (DG INFSO, Unit D4), Alain Esterle (ENISA), Inmaculada Placencia-POrrero (DG INFSO, Unit H3)

13:00 - CLOSING REMARKS DAY 2